The private Version of new Counselor Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

The private Version of new Counselor Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

The private Version of new Counselor Questionnaire (PST-Q) is made of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and you may was created to determine “the brand new set of features that each counselor applies in just about any psychotherapeutic disease, therefore shaping an element of the features of the newest healing act” (p. 117). The questionnaire assesses four various other proportions: flexibility-firmness (Informative subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), less wedding-greater wedding (Engagement subscale), broad centered-thin focused (Attentional subscale) and you may spontaneous-arranged (Operative subscale). This can be good 36-item thinking-declaration scale done by practitioners which have answers ranked towards a level between 1 (overall dispute)to seven (complete contract). The size has shown an examination-retest precision out of .79, which have Chronbach’s accuracy coefficients each subscale, the following; educational, .69; expressive, .75; engagement, .78; attentional, .80; medical, .78. Foundation Study shown a good KMO = .756 (Look for Desk step 1 having alphas in the present investigation).

Performing Alliance Inventory-Brief Form (WAI-S)

The functional Alliance Inventory (WAI), created by Horvath Greenberg (1986), was a great 36 product questionnaire that can easily be given to help you one another clients and you can therapists which can be rated into the a great seven-section Likert sort of level from1 (never)so you’re able to 7 (always). Tracey and you may Kokotovic (1989) advised a customer and you can specialist Working Alliance Collection-Small Setting (WAI-S), which has five situations per subscale (Task, Objective, and you may Bond) and you may complete WAI-S ratings, showing highest accuracy with alpha levels the same as, and also better than the fresh new WAI into the counselor subscales and you will overall average score (Activity, alpha = .83; Thread, alpha = .91; Purpose, alpha = .88; and you can Standard Alliance, leader = .95). Get a hold of Dining table step one getting alphas in the present investigation.

Processes Listing (TL)

The techniques List size is actually modified out-of Hollis (1995), just who catalogued an intensive a number of guidance and psychotherapy techniques representing a general spectrum of philosophical bases. To help you improve it detailed checklist predicated on processes made use of especially by cognitive behavioral and constructivist procedures orientations, i employed guidance therapy graduate students to read through the complete set of 108 cures techniques and you can price the newest the quantity to which for each and every technique is used by for every single therapeutic method (intellectual behavioural and constructivist), playing with an effective 5-part Likert types of measure from (Never ever or Almost never) in order to 5 (Usually otherwise Always).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

These 40 activities have been detailed alphabetically and participants was requested to price the newest the quantity to which they use per techniques in their practice of treatment collectively a great 5-area scale from 1 (Never ever otherwise Hardly ever)to help you 5 (Usually otherwise Always). Brand new reviews of your own 20 rationalist situations had been summed and a great indicate is computed so you can reflect the average frequency of using rationalist treatments (you can variety = 1-5), in addition to same processes was utilized with regards to the brand new 20 constructivist treatments.

Brand new raw studies was applied in order to run a good confirmatory foundation research to your Process Listing measure. The present day studies was checked-out getting multiple-variate normalcy and the assumptions was indeed found. The kurtosis quotes towards the parameters dropped between step one and you may –step one variables but constructivist issues 12, 13, sixteen, and you may 20 and you can cognitive behavioural items 3, which in fact had an excellent kurtosis opinions ranging from dos and you will –dos. Consequently, this type of five situations had been taken from the fresh size ahead of running the newest confirmatory factor studies.

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